This year’s General Report zooms in on the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) on trafficking in human beings. Countries monitored by GRETA have reported an increased use of ICT for recruiting and controlling victims of trafficking. At the same time, the evidence base on ICT-facilitated human trafficking remains limited and patchy, which is why GRETA launched a study in 2021, based on questionnaires sent to State Parties to the Convention, NGOs and tech companies. A summary of the resulting report and recommendations is reproduced in the General Report. ICT has produced structural changes in the way offenders operate, which require countries to adapt and equip their law enforcement agencies and criminal justice systems with capabilities in step with the changing environment. The challenges posed by technology on the investigation of human trafficking cases include data encryption, large volumes of data, speed of technological change, and lack of technical equipment. As regards challenges in the process of prosecution, obtaining evidence from other countries is cited the most often, followed by lack of training, inadequate legislative tools and insufficient assistance from the private sector. Conclusions can be drawn to indicate that it is essential to invest in human capital, enhance co-operation with private companies, and strengthen international co-operation.

11th General Report on GRETA’s Activities - Council of Europe, 2022 DOWNLOAD














Strengthening Protections Against Trafficking in Persons in Federal and Corporate Supply Chains

This report provides the framework and resources necessary to understand the risk of human trafficking in global supply chains, and can help readers begin to assess the risk of human trafficking in particular federal supply chains. Later sections ex...Read More

National Hotline 2019 Georgia State Report
Graphics & InfographicsPublications

The data in this report represents signals and cases from January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019 and is accurate as of July 30, 2020. Cases of trafficking may be ongoing or new information may revealed to the National Hotline over time. Consequen...Read More

On This Journey, No one Cares if You Live or Die: Abuse, protection, and justice along routes between East and West Africa and Africa’s Mediterranean coast

Hundreds of refugees and migrants are dying each year, and thousands more are suffering extreme human rights abuses, at the hands of smugglers, traffickers, militias and State authorities, on journeys from West and East Africa towards and inside Lib...Read More

TAGS: Africa
Land But No Freedom: Debt, poverty and human suffering in the Philippine banana trade

This case study is one of a series of case studies to supplement the global campaign report, Ripe for Change, drawing attention to the plight of specific groups of small-scale farmers or workers in international food value chains and/or promoting su...Read More