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As estimated by ILO (Global Estimate of Forced Labour, 2012), Africa currently has around 3.7 million people in slavery and is primarily considered a source region for victims of trafficking, with Western Europe identified as the main destination region.

Trafficking of children – both girls and boys – is frequently reported, as is trafficking of adult women. In some parts of the region, vulnerability to trafficking occurs in the context of seasonal or longer-term migration for employment. For example, a baseline study conducted in one West African country indicated that persons migrating for seasonal work were susceptible to forced labour, with young men and women particularly vulnerable. Such work was in some cases linked to export industries. Internal trafficking (the movement of persons within the boundaries of a single country) is also reported as widespread, involving children and young women moving from rural to urban areas for domestic work and prostitution.
(Source: Verité, 2012 – “Human Trafficking & Global Supply Chains: A Background Paper”)

Image: High Street, Shamwana, Katanga by Tom Skrinar, posted on flickr, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Human Trafficking and Risky Migration Routes: DATA insights from SOMALI Civil Society Organisations
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21 October 2021

The anti-trafficking Somali Civil Society Organisations (CSO) Coalition, Freedom Collaborative and GIZ, working under the Better Migration Management (BMM II) programme, are pleased to share a new report on Somali human trafficking and risky migration experiences. As stated in the...

Disrupting Harm in Kenya
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21 October 2021

Funded by the Global Partnership to End Violence against Children, through its Safe Online initiative, ECPAT, INTERPOL and UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti worked in partnership to design and implement a multifaceted research project on online child sexual exploitation...

Climate-induced migration and modern slavery
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01 September 2021

Climate change is devastating the planet, leading to intensifying global inequality as well as disputes over land, water, and scarce resources. People are being driven to migrate within and across borders in search of resources and income, making them vulnerable...

Money Laundering Resulting from the Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Crimes
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21 August 2021

The main objective of the project is to shed light on the crimes of human trafficking and migrant smuggling through a new typologies project which was among the priorities of the MENAFATF in 2019, by studying the various aspects linked...

Trafficking of Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal in North and West Africa
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30 July 2021

This report from INTERPOL assesses the problem of trafficking in human beings for organ removal (THBOR), which is driven largely by the global shortage in organs for ethical transplant. While organ trafficking exists in all regions of the world, it...

Child Labour: Global estimates 2020, trends and the road forward
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01 June 2021

This report warns that global progress to end child labour has stalled for the first time in 20 years. The number of children aged 5 to 17 years in hazardous work – defined as work that is likely to harm...

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