Healthcare/ Pharmaceuticals

There are several touch points of human trafficking and forced labour in the healthcare and pharmaceuticals industry. Human trafficking in the healthcare and pharmaceuticals industry may for example occur for the purpose of organ trafficking. In 2007, WHO estimated that out of all transplants worldwide, 5–10% were conducted illegally. Also at a high-risk for labour exploitation and modern slavery is the private aged-care sector. Reports from the sector have shown that migrant workers are often exposed to abusive and exploitative working conditions and recruitment practices.

Image: Pharmaceuticals by Waleed Alzuhair, posted on flickr, licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

The Public Health Impact of Coronavirus Disease on Human Trafficking
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
29 October 2020

Written by Jordan Greenbaum, Hanni Stoklosa, and Laura Murphy. The global pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus exacerbates major risk factors for global human trafficking. Social isolation of families and severe economic distress amplify the risk of interpersonal violence,...

The Impact of COVID-19 on Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
20 May 2020

This publication provides an overview of the epidemic of modern slavery and human trafficking, surveys some of ways that these challenges have been negatively transformed by COVID-19, and explores how approaches rooted in principles of computational law can help educate...

Garment supply chains in intensive care? Human rights due diligence in times of (economic) crises
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
01 April 2020

The new coronavirus (COVID-19) affects almost every area of people’s lives and economic activity and has led to a significant disruption of world trade. The current situation demonstrates how precarious our global systems of production and consumption are. In response...

No Worker Left Behind: Protecting Vulnerable Workers from Exploitation During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
01 April 2020

This briefing builds on the understanding that labour exploitation is part of a spectrum ranging from labour compliance through to labour law violations, culminating at extreme exploitation in the form of forced labour. Research by FLEX and others shows that...

Agents for change. How public procurers can influence labour conditions in global supply chains. Case studies from Brazil, Pakistan and Thailand
15 November 2016

The report focuses on the social aspects of supply chains and examines how contracting authorities in the EU can use social criteria to improve labour conditions in countries where poor labour standards are rife. The report draws on experiences and...

Popular and Political Representations
01 December 2015

Edited by Joel Quirk and Julia O’Connell Davidson. This is the first volume of the series Beyond Trafficking and Slavery Short Course. Much of what people think they know about human trafficking and ‘modern-day slavery’ is inaccurate, incomplete or unfounded....

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