Informal Sector

Little is known about human trafficking and labour exploitation in the informal sector. Businesses at high-risk are for example nail and hair salons, where predominantly women from Vietnam, China and South Korea are forced to work extensive hours for no or little wage at all. The workers’ health is also at risk as they are constantly exposed to harsh chemicals without wearing proper protective clothing.

Image: Pushkar, street vendor by Arian Zwegers, posted on flickr, licensed under CC BY 2.0

‘Easy to Borrow, Hard to Repay’ Credit and Debt in Ho Chi Minh City’s Sex Industry
Publications
31 May 2020

This study examines the inner workings of credit and debt in the sex industry in Ho Chi Minh City, the megalopolis of Southern Vietnam. It argues that credit is widely available to financially excluded sex workers, but that this availability...

COVID-19: Access Challenges and the Implications of Border Restrictions
Publications
09 May 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has required States to implement exceptional measures to curb the spread of the virus and to protect public health. While border restrictions or closure may be justified, exceptions are needed to safeguard basic rights, including for refugees,...

Exposing the Hidden Victims of COVID-19
GuidancePublications
01 May 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic is exposing just how fragile the protection and prevention framework on modern slavery is, despite progress in recent years resulting from a new focus, marked particularly by a drive toward national anti-slavery legislation. We draw on assessment...

No Worker Left Behind: Protecting Vulnerable Workers from Exploitation During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic
Publications
01 April 2020

This briefing builds on the understanding that labour exploitation is part of a spectrum ranging from labour compliance through to labour law violations, culminating at extreme exploitation in the form of forced labour. Research by FLEX and others shows that...

At a crossroads – unaccompanied and separated children in their transition to adulthood in Italy
Publications
08 November 2019

This research, commissioned by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), provides an overview of trends and possible pathways of transition to adult life of UASC...

Thailand Migration Report 2019
Graphics & InfographicsPublications
25 January 2019

The Thailand Migration Report 2019 contains 11 chapters that delve into themes such as working conditions, access to services, remittances, human trafficking and exploitation. Each chapter, written by a specific UN agency, provides up-to-date information on migration trends and patterns...

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