Agriculture, Horticulture & Landscaping

There are a number of potential touch points where human trafficking can occur in the agriculture and horticulture industry. First of all agricultural work is usually seasonal. Seasonal workers often lack workplace protections, including unemployment compensation and health insurance, as well as job security and stability. Farms and plantations usually cover vast areas and are not well-serviced by public transportation. Employees also usually live on the site which is why the workers can be exposed to labour exploitation even easier.

Developing Freedom: The Sustainable Development Case for Ending Modern Slavery, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking
Publications
25 January 2021

40.3 million people – around 1 in every 185 people alive – experienced modern slavery or forced labour in 2016. States have committed to take immediate and effective measures to end modern slavery, forced labour and human trafficking by 2030,...

Stacked Odds – How Lifelong Inequity Shapes Women and Girls’ Experience of Modern Slavery
Publications
11 October 2020

One in every 130 females globally is living in modern slavery. In fact, women and girls account for nearly three quarters (71 per cent) of all victims of modern slavery. Although modern slavery affects everyone, there is no escaping the...

Trafficking in Persons Vulnerability and Environmental Degradation in Forestry and Adjacent Sectors– Burma Case Study
Publications
01 August 2020

This report presents a summary of findings from two case studies conducted in Burma on the intersection of labor, environmental, and social risk in the cultivation of bananas and informal logging in northern Burma. These case studies were conducted as...

Not Fit-for-Purpose: The Grand Experiment of Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives in Corporate Accountability, Human Rights and Global Governance
Publications
01 July 2020

When MSIs first emerged in the 1990s, they appeared to offer a transformative and exciting proposition. For years human rights and advocacy organizations had been investigating and naming-and-shaming companies for their connections to sweatshop labor, deforestation, corruption, and other abusive...

Unfinished Work In The Fight Against Forced Labor In Uzbekistan’s 2019 Cotton Harvest
Publications
23 June 2020

Uzbek Forum has conducted independent, community-based monitoring and reporting on the cotton harvest since 2009. In previous reports, Uzbek Forum endeavored to expose forced labor, identify its root causes, and show the scale, impact on institutions, and effects on people...

No Worker Left Behind: Protecting Vulnerable Workers from Exploitation During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
01 April 2020

This briefing builds on the understanding that labour exploitation is part of a spectrum ranging from labour compliance through to labour law violations, culminating at extreme exploitation in the form of forced labour. Research by FLEX and others shows that...

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