Agriculture, Horticulture & Landscaping

There are a number of potential touch points where human trafficking can occur in the agriculture and horticulture industry. First of all agricultural work is usually seasonal. Seasonal workers often lack workplace protections, including unemployment compensation and health insurance, as well as job security and stability. Farms and plantations usually cover vast areas and are not well-serviced by public transportation. Employees also usually live on the site which is why the workers can be exposed to labour exploitation even easier.

Child Labour: Global estimates 2020, trends and the road forward
Publications
01 June 2021

This report warns that global progress to end child labour has stalled for the first time in 20 years. The number of children aged 5 to 17 years in hazardous work – defined as work that is likely to harm...

Assessment of the Risks of Human Trafficking for Forced Labour on the UK Seasonal Workers Pilot
Publications
01 March 2021

This report presents the findings of research conducted by Focus on Labour Exploitation (FLEX) and Fife Migrants Forum (FMF) between March 2020 and February 2021. This research was initiated in order to seek to understand the risk of human trafficking...

Developing Freedom: The Sustainable Development Case for Ending Modern Slavery, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking
Publications
25 January 2021

40.3 million people – around 1 in every 185 people alive – experienced modern slavery or forced labour in 2016. States have committed to take immediate and effective measures to end modern slavery, forced labour and human trafficking by 2030,...

Stacked Odds – How Lifelong Inequity Shapes Women and Girls’ Experience of Modern Slavery
Publications
11 October 2020

One in every 130 females globally is living in modern slavery. In fact, women and girls account for nearly three quarters (71 per cent) of all victims of modern slavery. Although modern slavery affects everyone, there is no escaping the...

Trafficking in Persons Vulnerability and Environmental Degradation in Forestry and Adjacent Sectors– Burma Case Study
Publications
01 August 2020

This report presents a summary of findings from two case studies conducted in Burma on the intersection of labor, environmental, and social risk in the cultivation of bananas and informal logging in northern Burma. These case studies were conducted as...

Not Fit-for-Purpose: The Grand Experiment of Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives in Corporate Accountability, Human Rights and Global Governance
Publications
01 July 2020

When MSIs first emerged in the 1990s, they appeared to offer a transformative and exciting proposition. For years human rights and advocacy organizations had been investigating and naming-and-shaming companies for their connections to sweatshop labor, deforestation, corruption, and other abusive...

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