Forestry/ Reforestation, Wood & Paper

Human trafficking and labour exploitation in this industry can occur in any region that contributes to this industry. Unfair recruitment may be the start of a chain of exploitation, where the workers are exposed to debt bondage and other forms of exploitation. More research on the issue in this industry is much-needed.

Trafficking in Persons Vulnerability and Environmental Degradation in Forestry and Adjacent Sectors– Burma Case Study
Publications
01 August 2020

This report presents a summary of findings from two case studies conducted in Burma on the intersection of labor, environmental, and social risk in the cultivation of bananas and informal logging in northern Burma. These case studies were conducted as...

Exploring Intersections of Trafficking in Persons Vulnerability and Environmental Degradation in Forestry and Adjacent Sectors– Mozambique Case Study
Publications
01 August 2020

This report summarises case study research carried out in Mozambique in two sectors linked to deforestation: illicit logging of Pterocarpus Tinctorius in Tete Province and construction of the Cuamba–Mandimba–Lichinga section of the N13 road (part of the Nacala Development Corridor...

Not Fit-for-Purpose: The Grand Experiment of Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives in Corporate Accountability, Human Rights and Global Governance
Publications
01 July 2020

When MSIs first emerged in the 1990s, they appeared to offer a transformative and exciting proposition. For years human rights and advocacy organizations had been investigating and naming-and-shaming companies for their connections to sweatshop labor, deforestation, corruption, and other abusive...

No Worker Left Behind: Protecting Vulnerable Workers from Exploitation During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
01 April 2020

This briefing builds on the understanding that labour exploitation is part of a spectrum ranging from labour compliance through to labour law violations, culminating at extreme exploitation in the form of forced labour. Research by FLEX and others shows that...

Investor Snapshot: Forced Labour in the Foresting Industry
Publications
12 November 2019

It is estimated that 13 million workers are employed in the formal forestry sector while another 41 million workers are employed in the informal forestry sector. Much of this work takes place in remote areas where there is a lack...

Strengthening Protections Against Trafficking in Persons in Federal and Corporate Supply Chains
Publications
01 December 2017

This report provides the framework and resources necessary to understand the risk of human trafficking in global supply chains, and can help readers begin to assess the risk of human trafficking in particular federal supply chains. Later sections examine eleven...

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