Garments & Textiles

According to the Financial Post garment manufacturing has become the world’s third-biggest industrial industry and one of the most labour intensive industries, directly employing at least 60 million people (ILO 2015). Human rights violations in the garment industry include forced and child labour, repression and discrimination, and unsafe, dirty and unfair working conditions. Employees may face might face excessive hours, forced overtime, lack of job security, denial of trade union rights, poor health, exhaustion, and denial of other basic human rights when on the job. In addition, the legal minimum wage in most garment producing countries is rarely enough for a worker to live on.

Image: Sweatshop project by marissaorton, posted on flickr, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Modern Slavery Act: Five Years of Reporting
Publications
01 February 2021

The UK Modern Slavery Act 2015 (Act) was established nearly six years ago and was hailed as a landmark piece of legislation. Its aim was to encourage business to take action to eradicate modern slavery from its operations and supply...

Developing Freedom: The Sustainable Development Case for Ending Modern Slavery, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking
Publications
25 January 2021

40.3 million people – around 1 in every 185 people alive – experienced modern slavery or forced labour in 2016. States have committed to take immediate and effective measures to end modern slavery, forced labour and human trafficking by 2030,...

Child Marriage and Other Harmful Practices
Publications
01 December 2020

This study looks at the different forms that child marriage takes in South Asia and further looks at how these variations in child marriage practices are linked to other harmful practices. The study acknowledges that child marriage takes place in...

Parallel societies: slavery, exploitation and criminal subculture in Leicester
Publications
01 August 2020

COVID-19 has put under the spotlight the fast fashion industry in Leicester East, and its exploitation of thousands of (mostly immigrant) workers. Exploitation that ranges from unsafe working conditions through to slavery; from staff being paid below the minimum wage...

Not Fit-for-Purpose: The Grand Experiment of Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives in Corporate Accountability, Human Rights and Global Governance
Publications
01 July 2020

When MSIs first emerged in the 1990s, they appeared to offer a transformative and exciting proposition. For years human rights and advocacy organizations had been investigating and naming-and-shaming companies for their connections to sweatshop labor, deforestation, corruption, and other abusive...

Worked to Debt: Over Indebtedness In Cambodia’s Garment Sector
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
01 June 2020

Tens of thousands of garment workers in Cambodia will struggle to repay microfinance debts during work stoppages and factory suspensions caused by COVID-19, creating a mounting human rights crisis as they struggle to feed their families and hold onto their...

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