Garments & Textiles

According to the Financial Post garment manufacturing has become the world’s third-biggest industrial industry and one of the most labour intensive industries, directly employing at least 60 million people (ILO 2015). Human rights violations in the garment industry include forced and child labour, repression and discrimination, and unsafe, dirty and unfair working conditions. Employees may face might face excessive hours, forced overtime, lack of job security, denial of trade union rights, poor health, exhaustion, and denial of other basic human rights when on the job. In addition, the legal minimum wage in most garment producing countries is rarely enough for a worker to live on.

Image: Sweatshop project by marissaorton, posted on flickr, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Developing Freedom: The Sustainable Development Case for Ending Modern Slavery, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking
25 January 2021

40.3 million people – around 1 in every 185 people alive – experienced modern slavery or forced labour in 2016. States have committed to take immediate and effective measures to end modern slavery, forced labour and human trafficking by 2030,...

Not Fit-for-Purpose: The Grand Experiment of Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives in Corporate Accountability, Human Rights and Global Governance
01 July 2020

When MSIs first emerged in the 1990s, they appeared to offer a transformative and exciting proposition. For years human rights and advocacy organizations had been investigating and naming-and-shaming companies for their connections to sweatshop labor, deforestation, corruption, and other abusive...

Worked to Debt: Over Indebtedness In Cambodia’s Garment Sector
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
01 June 2020

Tens of thousands of garment workers in Cambodia will struggle to repay microfinance debts during work stoppages and factory suspensions caused by COVID-19, creating a mounting human rights crisis as they struggle to feed their families and hold onto their...

The Emperor has no clothes: Garment Supply Chains in the Time of Pandemic
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
01 May 2020

Asia Floor Wage Alliance (AFWA), an Asian labour-led global labour and social alliance, has been monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on workers in garment-producing countries through ground reports from AFWA partners and allies in Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Myanmar,...

Covid-19: Garment Worker Perspectives
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
01 May 2020

The coronavirus pandemic and resulting government actions to stem the spread of the virus have severely changed the way people across the world work and live. For Jordan’s garment sector, the national curfew and shutdown of business activity forced factories...

Garment supply chains in intensive care? Human rights due diligence in times of (economic) crises
COVID-19 resourcesPublications
01 April 2020

The new coronavirus (COVID-19) affects almost every area of people’s lives and economic activity and has led to a significant disruption of world trade. The current situation demonstrates how precarious our global systems of production and consumption are. In response...

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