The unique aspects of sponsorship systems in the Middle East, commonly known as kafala, result in a delegation of responsibility by the State to the private employer to oversee both a migrant worker’s immigration and employment status. This is inherently problematic as it creates an imbalance between the rights and abilities of workers and employers to terminate an employment relationship, and be mobile on the labour market in the respective country. This paper argues that reforming the sponsorship systems in a way which disassociates a worker’s immigration status from their employer’s control, and enables a migrant worker to resign or terminate his/ her employment contract by giving reasonable notice and without losing valid immigration status, can have significant economic, social and administrative benefits. Furthermore it may contribute to progress towards nationalization programmes, the smooth functioning of the labour market, and adherence to the rule of law.

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State of compliance with decent work principles in Pakistan’s brick kiln sector
GuidancePublications

The “Promoting Decent Work in Brick Kilns” project, conducted by the Trust for Democratic ducation and Accountability (TDEA) in partnership with Pattan Development Organization (Pattan) and Sangat Development Foundation (SDF) with Solidarity Cen...Read More

TAGS: Asia
Forced Labour in the Construction Sector
Publications

KnowTheChain's Investor snapshot on Forced Labour in the Construction Sector highlights why investors should be concerned about forced labour risks in the construction sector, what the sector is doing to address these risks, and what action investor...Read More

Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress and Assessment of U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons
Publications

Annual report of the Attorney General on efforts to combat human trafficking in the US. Provides and assessment of all U.S. Government activities regarding human trafficking in 2012.  Details activities related to immigration benefits for victims, ...Read More

“The Harvest is in My Blood”: Hazardous Child Labor in Tobacco Farming in Indonesia
Publications

This report documents how child tobacco workers are exposed to nicotine, handle toxic chemicals, use sharp tools, lift heavy loads, and work in extreme heat. Their work could have lasting consequences for their health and development. It also discus...Read More