Part of the International Labour Organization (ILO) Asia-Pacific Working Paper Series. Written by Lorenza Errighi, Ivanka Mamic, and Birgitte Krogh-Poulsen.

In recent decades, the Thai seafood sector has expanded on a global scale by using foreign labour and inputs, while exporting processed and semi- processed seafood products to the largest economies including the United States, the EU and Japan. Growing international market shares and economic development have been achieved through the attraction of foreign capital, the achievement of good sanitary standards and investment in appropriate infrastructure in the sector. Therefore, the Thai seafood sector is an example of economic upgrading through participation in global supply chains (GSCs). However, while the sector is a key contributor to growth and employment for Thailand, social upgrading has been limited to levels and processes in the supply chain where there is a direct interaction with international buyers and more exposure to consumers. Severe decent work deficits have been documented in fishing and pre-processing activities, including the use of forced and child labour. Such deficits can be attributed to weak governance, which has been mostly related to deficiencies in public enforcement in the sector. By illustrating key economic trends, decent work challenges and public and private governance in the Thai seafood GSCs, the case study presented in this paper is an example of how social upgrading is not always tied to economic upgrading, if governance gaps persist. It is also an illustration of how governments may seek to improve legislation and enforcement in GSCs.

Global supply chains: Insights into the Thai seafood sector - International Labour Organization, 2016 DOWNLOAD

post

page

attachment

revision

nav_menu_item

custom_css

customize_changeset

oembed_cache

user_request

wp_block

acf-field-group

acf-field

ai1ec_event

Local Authorities’ Referral Pathway for Adult Victims of Modern Slavery
GuidanceGraphics & Infographics

Together with the London Working Group, the Human Trafficking Foundation has produced the Referral pathway for adult victims to help Local Authorities improve their response to human trafficking and modern slavery, in particular the identification an...Read More

TAGS: Europe
Global initiative to explore the sexual exploitation of boys
GuidancePublications

In recent years, it has become increasingly apparent that there is a gap in the global understanding of how child sexual exploitation affects boys. While data on the prevalence of all child sexual exploitation is generally lacking, when data does ex...Read More

TAGS: Asia
Prevalence Estimate: Forced Labor Among Kenyan Workers in the Gulf Cooperation Council
Guidance

The Global Fund to End Modern Slavery (GFEMS) aims to end modern slavery by making it economically unprofitable through interventions and experimental innovations implemented in collaboration with on-the-ground partners. With support from the U.S. D...Read More

Anti-Trafficking Task Force (ATTF) Ukraine terms of reference
Guidance

Human trafficking is a crime and a human rights violation, with serious human rights and protection implications - and which is known to significantly amplify in times of wars, crisis and conflict. This is reflected in several reports published by U...Read More