Online Sexual Exploitation of Children (OSEC) is a rising form of child abuse in the Philippines with significant social, health and wellbeing consequences for survivors. In response, this scoping review was undertaken to advance understanding of the current empirical evidence on OSEC in the Philippines and to identify its char- acteristics, key drivers and leading intervention and prevention approaches in order to develop improved policy and practice responses. The authors undertook systematic and manual searches of international academic da- tabases and websites to identify empirical peer reviewed research and grey literature studies conducted from 2005 onwards that investigate OSEC in the Philippines. The search located 121 records, of which 19 met all inclusion criteria. The studies identified provide insights into the dominant forms of OSEC and the characteristics of demand-side offenders and survivors, as well as the specific mediums of exploitation and contexts in which OSEC takes place. Key risk factors for OSEC in the Philippines include the vulnerabilities arising from poverty and weak social protection, limited overall understanding of the harms of OSEC, as well as facilitative tech- nology, social media and financial transaction systems. The findings outline that existing evidence on OSEC is insufficient and recommends further research into OSEC prevalence, the socio-cultural contexts that facilitate OSEC, and establishing the efficacy of intervention approaches, suggesting policy responses focus on community- based child safety initiatives.

Online sexual exploitation of children in the Philippines: A scoping review - Elsevier Ltd, 2023 DOWNLOAD














National Hotline 2017 New Hampshire State Report
Graphics & InfographicsPublications

The data in this report represents signals and cases from January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017 and is accurate as of July 11, 2018. Cases of trafficking may be ongoing or new information may be revealed to the National Hotline over time. Conseq...Read More

Child labour in the fish supply chain on Lake Volta, Ghana: The Torkor model

This report illustrates an ILO project in Ghana, in which ILO partnered with the General Agricultural Workers’ Union (GAWU) of Ghana and the Inland Canoe Fishers’ Association to combat child labour throughout the fish supply chain. ...Read More

Food & Beverage Benchmark Findings Report

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), an estimated 21 million people are victims of forced labor around the world. As defined by the ILO, forced labor refers to “situations in which persons are coerced to work through the use o...Read More

Seeds in our pockets – How can funders nurture thriving social justice movements by and for people on the move

In 2022 Porticus launched a pilot learning year to support the development of a new global programme, Transforming migration parameters through movement building and lived-experience leadership’ (hereafter MOVE) within the People on the Move Portf...Read More