India is a global hotspot for trafficking of women and minors for commercial sexual exploitation (CSE), and Maharashtra, as its financial and commercial capital, is one of the largest destinations for CSE in the country. However, reliably estimating the size of child sex trafficking victims has historically been challenging owing to the hidden nature of this population. Between 2019 and 2020, the Global Fund to End Modern Slavery (GFEMS) supported researchers to produce initial studies on the prevalence of CSEC as well as on traffickers and buyers of CSEC in the state of Maharashtra – these studies were then replicated in 2022. Replicating the research methods employed during the first phase of research (2019-2020), this study found that, while prevalence remained high, perceptions of risk among potential buyers decreased significantly. Increasingly, trafficking is viewed as a crime with little risk, meaning deterrence remains a challenge. For more findings from both the phase two prevalence study and deterrence study, and for targeted recommendations to reduce CSEC in Maharashtra, read the full brief.
State of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Maharashtra- Global Fund to End Modern Slavery, 2023 DOWNLOAD














A practical guide for SMEs on how to mitigate the risk of modern slavery in their operations.

This toolkit, jointly developed by STOP THE TRAFFIK and Shiva Foundation, seeks to provide practical guidance for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) on how they can prevent modern slavery in their business operations. We recognise that many u...Read More

TAGS: Europe
Children’s Rights in the Garment and Footwear Supply Chain

This guidance tool is designed to support companies in the garment and footwear sector to integrate child rights into their responsible sourcing programmes. It explores practical steps companies can take – individually and collectively – to ensu...Read More

Respecting the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: A Due Diligence Checklist for Companies

This Checklist seeks to provide companies with operational guidance on how to ensure due diligence when operating in areas where projects may affect indigenous peoples. Based on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UND...Read More

Human Trafficking: What Disaster Responders Need to Know
GuidanceGraphics & Infographics

Studies have shown that even outside of a disaster context, approximately 50% of individuals who have been trafficked saw a health professional while being trafficked. However, first responders are rarely trained to recognize these patients, despite...Read More