This review has drawn upon findings from evaluations and research that has been carried out by academics and by government departments. It has identified that in some cases, there is an absence of an independent, published evaluation. To understand what works and to ensure that developments in policy and practice are evidence based, it is essential that evaluations are carried out, that they are robust and that the findings are published. In addition, it is fundamental that in evaluating the success of devolved NRM decision making there is a focus on the impact on longer term outcomes for children.

The review concludes by making observations on the function of multi-agency decision making models, recognizing that each of the four models encompassed both decision making in relation to vulnerability and risk, as well as contributing to safeguarding and action planning. In relation to child trafficking, it is recognized that there are both statutory duties for safeguarding partners under the Children Act (1989),(2004) and the Children and Social Work Act (2017), as well as obligations under Article 10 of ECAT relating to the identification of victims. Further exploration is therefore required of how these systems interact in practice at a local level, but it is essential that a devolved decision making model does not exist solely as a binary determination of trafficking status but is intrinsically linked to local safeguarding structures.

A Review of What Works in Multi-Agency Decision Making and The Implications for Child Victims of Trafficking - Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, 2020 DOWNLOAD














Slavery Free Recruitment Systems: A Landscape Analysis of Fee-Free Recruitment Initiatives

This brief has been prepared by Phil Marshall, Technical Consultant to the Issara Institute. This paper summarizes the current discussion around fee-free recruitment, including: (1) definitions of fee-free recruitment; (2) linkages between migra...Read More

Ending child labour by 2025: A review of policies and programmes

The international community has declared that the persistence of child labour in today’s world is unacceptable and, in the Sustainable Development Goals, has renewed its commitment to eliminating all forms of child labour by 2025. This report aims...Read More

Collaborating for freedom: anti-slavery partnerships in the UK

Multi-agency partnership working is often highlighted as an essential aspect of the UK public policy response to modern slavery. The Home Office’s (2014) Modern Slavery Strategy emphasises that effective partnership work is ‘crucial’ and must ...Read More

Modern Slavery in Pacific Supply Chains of Canned Tuna

Between November 2018 and January 2019, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited 35 canned tuna companies and supermarkets - representing 80 of the world’s largest retail canned tuna brands - to answer a survey on their approach to hu...Read More