Workers are recruited via unlicensed third-party agencies. Use of unlicensed third-party agencies increases the risk of labor exploitation.

Workers pay for recruitment, employment or repatriation fees. Costs associated with employment can place workers in debt bondage.

Workers receive unclear or unintelligible contracts. Contracts without clear terms place workers at risk of exploitation.

Workers are required to hand over identity or work documents. Retaining documents stops workers from moving freely or seeking new employment.

Modern Slavery: Deceptive and Coercive Recruitment - Global Business Coalition Against Human Trafficking, 2022 DOWNLOAD














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